Democratization in Indonesia : A Study of State Hegemony in Implementing Family Planning Policies in Surabaya City
Anis Masluchah, Arif Darmawan

The state entities success in instituting Keluarga Berencana (KB = Family Planning) program affirm the state domination towards its people. This matter is identic with the presentation of hegemonic power.This research is aiming to describe the state efforts to establish its hegemony in implementing Family Planning Policies. In addition, it also to identify and formulate the state hegemonic model in implementing the Family Planning Policies. Data is taken by intensive interview, and document study. Data analysis is qualitatively performed. It is comprised of qualitative data supported by quantitative data sourcing from informants and literary. Theories applied are: theory of state and its role, theory of public policies implementation, and theory of hegemony. The research results illustrate 1) the method of state entities to socialize KB program in a relative fine method or without coersion, to give more emphasize on efforts to change people awareness on the importance of Family Planningprogram, or through consensiomethod in which refers to hegemonic character. Though hegemonization is strongly processed, and all developmental discourses cover the Ampel people, social resistance is an unavoidable matter. There are attitudes and behavior differences based on Ampel people comprehension in which basically are divided into three categories, namely those whose attitudes and behavior are fully hegemonized, superficial-, and real-resistances. 2) the more appropriate hegemonic model is the integral hegemonic model applying persuasive approach in socializing the KB program so as it may reach the consensus, in which finally it will change the pattern of people thinking, attitude, and performance on KB policies, changing the opinion Family Planning program from governmental policies to Family Planning as their real required program.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jasps.v5n1a1